عنوان مقاله [English]
South of Semnan province is an important region in Iran for the formation of oil traps, which has been received much attention for several decades. Many sulfur mines have also been discovered in this area. The sulfur is most probably derived from natural gases that are guided by regional faults. Numerous anticlines and salt domes are also present in this area, playing an important role in the formation of oil traps. As a consequence, this region seems to have a great potential to form hydrocarbon traps. Since the area is covered by Tertiary, Quaternary to current sediments, gravity, and magnetic studies are very useful to investigate and explore the geological structures in this region.
Gravity and magnetic studies, in a trapezium grid, were performed to investigate the underground structures, sediment thicknesses, plutonic and volcanic igneous rocks and also hydrocarbon traps. Data acquisition was carried out on 86 profiles with a northwest-southeast trend. The distance between profiles and acquisition stations were selected to be 1000 meter. Due to the presence of swamps, mountainous areas, river, terrain, etc., some stations were removed from the survey plan. In addition, some transects measured in a direction deviating from the straight line. As a result, in some of the profiles, a number of missing stations can be observed. In some of the transects, profiling was not conducted in a regular 1000 m line spacing too. The average magnetic inclination and declination are 53.8 and 4.2 degrees, respectively, and the average total magnetic field is estimated 48181 nT as well. The gravity and magnetic data were collected simultaneously.
In this study, to interpret and discern potential field anomalies, we applied geophysical filters such as surface trend, the tilt angle, and upward continuation. After producing a geophysical map for each method, the results were jointly interpreted. Joint interpretation demonstrated that eight anticlines, five synclines, several faults and salt domes could be recognized. Among these anticlines, anticline B has a considerable depth and dimension so that with 3000 m upward continuation, the gravity field can still be seen. Meanwhile, no igneous rocks were observed on the magnetic maps. Therefore, this anticline can be considered as an appropriate trap for the accumulation of hydrocarbon. These maps confirm the joining fault to the south of Kohe- Sorkh anticline with the fault to the south of Siah-Koh anticline, which are located in the south of Abulabad.
The results show that the potential methods appear to be promising to characterize subsurface structures for the initial phase of hydrocarbon explorations. These maps also show that the Siah-Kuh is a continuation of Kuh-Sorkh, which are separated by regional fault activities, erosion, and new sedimentation. Consequently, it is suggested to use numerical modeling to define the shape, dimension and depth of anomalies, especially for the interpreted anticline B. Finally, a seismic survey can be performed over the potential anomalies that might have hydrocarbon accumulation.