ساختار پوسته در جنوب و جنوب شرق ایران براساس توابع انتقال گیرنده و پاشندگی سرعت گروه امواج ریلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله تحقیقی‌ (پژوهشی‌)

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تحصیلات تکمیلی صنعتی و فناوری پیشرفته، کرمان، ایران

چکیده

در این مطالعه ساختار پوسته در جنوب و جنوب-شرق ایران با استفاده از برگردان همزمان توابع انتقال گیرنده و پاشندگی سرعت گروه امواج ریلی بررسی شد. با پردازش دادۀ دورلرز ثبت‌شده در مدت 2 سال در تعدادی از ایستگاه‌های باند پهن شبکۀ لرزه‌نگاری ملی ایران (INSN) و شبکۀ لرزه‌نگاری کشوری (ISC) با بزرگای بیشتر از 5/5، توابع انتقال گیرنده با استفاده از روش واهمامیخت تکراری در حوزۀ زمان تعیین شد. منحنی‌های پاشندگی سرعت گروه از تصاویر توموگرافی مطالعۀ مد اصلی امواج ریلی منطقه‌ای در ایران در دورۀ تناوب 10 تا 100 ثانیه گرفته شده است. با توجه به وابستگی توابع گیرنده و پاشندگی امواج سطحی به پارامترهای متفاوت و وجود خطا در الگوی ساختاری حاصل از برگردان مستقل هر کدام از این داده‌ها، تلاش گردید با برگردان همزمان این داده‌ها خطای مدل سرعتی حاصل به حداقل برسد. نتایج نشان می‌دهدکه ضخامت پوسته برای جنوب شرق زاگرس در ایستگاه‌های خلیج فارس (BNDS)، گِنو(GENO) و نیان (NIAN) به ترتیب برابر با 2±54 ، 2±54 و2± 48 کیلومتر است. در این ناحیه همگرایی پوستۀ ضخیم قاره‌ای عربی با ایران مرکزی، دلیل زیادبودن ضخامت پوسته است. در منطقۀ فرورانش مکران (ایستگاه چابهار) الگوی ساختاری حاصل شده برای تنها ایستگاه این منطقه (CHBR) نشان دهندۀ ضخامتی در حدود 28 کیلومتر برای پوسته است که با فرورانش با شیب بسیار کم پوستۀ اقیانوسی صفحۀ عربی به زیر قسمت جنوبی پوستۀ مکران مطابقت دارد. برای ناحیۀ شرق ایران عمق موهو در دو ایستگاه زاهدان (ZHSF و SZD1) برابر 40 کیلومتر است. با استفاده از مدل‌سازی مستقیم مقدار خطا در تعیین عمق 2± برآورد گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Crustal structure beneath the south and southeast Iran using receiver function and Rayleigh waves group velocity dispersion

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Azizi
  • Afsane Nasrabadi
  • Mohammad Reza Sepahvand
Sciences and Modern Technologies Faculty, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

Iran is one of the seismically active areas of the world  because it is located in the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt, at a 1000-km-wide zone of the compression between the colliding Eurasian and Arabian continents. Studying the crust velocity structure and Moho discontinuity in Iranian plateau  is conducive to an understanding of its evolution and the tectonic history of its seismotectonic zones. Nowadays, it is indispensable to acquire sufficient and accurate data from the crust and upper mantle velocity structure or its specification.
To specify the receiver functions with an iterative approach, we made use of a two-year teleseismic data (with epicentral distance 25o-90o) recorded by six seismic stations located in the southeast Zagros (BNDS, NIAN and GENO), Makran (CHBR) and  eastern Iran (SZD1 and ZHSF) . In order to  delete high frequencies, Gaussian parameter 1.0  was used. So as to augment the signal to noise ratio, RFs were clustered in 10˚ azimuthal and less than 15˚ epicentral distance ranges. Finally, the RFs were stacked.
Receiver functions (RFs) show Earth’s local structure response to P-wave vertical arrival approximately beneath a three-component seismometer; these functions are sensitive to shear-wave velocity impedance. Depth-velocity trade-off in RFs information poses inversion non-uniqueness  issues, but a combined inversion of receiver functions and surface wave dispersion increases the uniqueness of the solution over separate inversions, further facilitating the explicit parameterization of layer thickness in the model space, providing more exact constraints  as to the crustal structure. Surface wave velocity dispersion depends more on S wave velocity than on P wave velocity, and its dependence on density is slight. In previous studies, it has been shown that it improves the inversions of receiver functions for crustal structures (Julia et al. 2000). Surface wave velocity dispersion provides information  as to the absolute seismic shear velocity, yet is relatively insensitive to sharp velocity changes. The group velocities were incorporated into our joint inversion scheme from an independent surface wave tomography study by Rham (2009). Group velocities from regional events, recorded at permanent and broadband stations, were measured for fundamental mode Rayleigh waves within 10–100s period range. The region was parameterized using a uniform, 1×1°, grid of constant slowness cells. The dispersion curve is the result of separate tomographic imaging for each period. Fundamental mode Rayleigh wave group velocities are taken from the corresponding tomographic cell containing the stations. The joint inversion of the two independent data sets was performed considering a proper combination of weighting parameters done by Herrmann and Ammon’s program (2003). Minimizing the standard error between the real and predicted data is the criterion for  the desired final model which is close to Earth’s real model.
Models resulting from joint inversion in the south-east Zagros (Hormozgan province) suggest that Moho discontinuity depths beneath BNDS, GENO and NIAN stations are about 54, 54 and 48 kilometers, respectively, while the average depth of Moho discontinuity in the region is about 52±2 kilometers. In the Makran’s seismotectonic state, the resulted models pertaining to single station in the region (CHBR, near the city of Chabahar) show that the average depth of Moho discontinuity in this region is about 28 kilometers and thickness of the sediments is about 10 km, consistent with the shallow subduction of a high-velocity oceanic crust of Arabian plate beneath the southern side of Makran. In the Flysch zone (eastern Iran), the models of the two stations (SZD1, ZHSF) show that the average depth of Moho is about 40±2 kilometers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Zagros
  • Makran
  • eastern flysch zone
  • receiver function
  • Joint inversion
  • depth of Moho

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